Having debunked ghosts, various New Age ideas, the Abominable Snowman and the Loch Ness monster, it may seem odd to start considering parallel universes. The greatest philosophers of the modern age may well be our physicists (check out David Bohm), and their progress through science is suggesting the existence of multiple parallel universes. The truth about the reality of our existence may be stranger than what many of us would accept in science fiction.
Something that has troubled physicists for many years is the reason why gravity is such a weak force. It is around 10^30 (ten to the power of thirty) times weaker than the three other fundamental forces (the strong and weak atomic forces, and the electromagnetic force). One of the theories to account for this is that the gravitational force is leaking through from a parallel universe where it is a much stronger force on par with the other fundamental forces. This theory is also used explain the presence of dark matter in our universe – dark matter makes up about 27% of the mass and energy in our universe, but we have no idea what it is!
The multiverse theory does explain many things. If there are parallel universes, they could be very far away (more distant than 14 billion light years), or very close (atomic distances) with the structure of that universe vibrating differently from our own and thus having no chance of interaction.
Wormholes – connections between two different parts of our universe, or to another universe – may also exist, but they will be far too small for us to travel down (far too small for even atoms to travel down either!). However, if “consciousness” is found to be a small particle or force, it may be possible for it to travel between one parallel universe and another via wormholes.
This stuff about universes is mainstream physics theory, and although it sounds stranger than fiction, it may well prove to be true. If consciousness is one of the primal constituents of the the universe, it may be like gravity and able to pass between universes, and hence there may be a heaven or hell experience for the soul after death depending on where it departs to. These are theories and completely unproven, but some of our best scientific minds (the physicists) are working on it and information gained from the Large Hadron Collider may assist in our understanding of the universe and ultimately answer some of these questions.
Studying these discoveries from our physicists is a great way of exercising our higher brain functions and one that I highly recommend you engage in. It will be time better spent than on conspiracy theories.
Unified Field Theory
For a readable description of the physics underlying the universe, you could start with Dr John Hagelin. The diagram below is from a lecture he delivered on the atomic structure and forces on which this universe is built.
Scientists are still searching for a Unified Field solution, the Theory of Everything that would unify the current forces and elements we observe in the universe. The current popular theory is that there is an underlying unified field or vacuum from which minute vibrations strings are continuously being released, and returning to the unified field. This bubbling away of minute one-dimensions strings may be the Dark Energy which is known to comprise most of the energy in the universe.
Sometimes, strings may accumulate and form a “bubble”, and continue to expand exponentially thus forming a “universe”. The vibrational properties of the strings in one universe are different from those in another universe, thus preventing interaction. There may be an infinite number of universes, and these may grow or return back into the unified field.
John Hagelin hypothesises that the Unified Field may also be “consciousness”, and that we can connect with this through meditation. That has yet to be proved, as does the physics and mathematics around string theory which are based on an 11 dimensional model.
The aim of the Unified Field theory is to show how the strings give rise to the forces and building blocks of physical matter. The four fundamental forces are:
- Electromagnetic force – familiar to use through electricity, radio waves, magnetism, etc. Highly relevant to us in the modern technological world.
- Weak nuclear force – responsible for radioactive decay and nuclear fission.
- Strong nuclear force – this is the strongest of all the forces in the dimensions of an atom, and is responsible for holding together the elements in the nucleus of an atom.
- Gravitation – responsible for the attraction of mass towards each other. It is extremely weak compared to the other forces.
The building blocks of matter are (see also the standard model of elementary physics):
- Quarks – the fundamental building blocks making up hadrons (baryons and mesons), such as protons and neutrons, which is turn make up atoms. There are Up, Down, Top, Bottom, Charm and Strange quarks.
- Leptons – do not engage in the strong interaction force. The two main types are electrons (which have a charge) and neutrinos which have no charge.
- Bosons – the most familiar being the photon (visible light). The gluons work with the strong interaction force. The Higgs Boson was only recently confirmed experimentally, as is the particle responsible for giving matter mass.
Do we live in a Holographic universe? The holographic principle states that all the information contained within a region of space can be determined by the information on the surface containing it. Mathematically, this means the volume of space can be represented as a hologram of the surface, hence the name. Check out Michael Talbot’s book The Holographic Universe.